BRIEF COUNTRY PROFILE

Official Name

Islamic Republic Of Afghanistan

Founding

Afghanistan is a 652,864 sq. km. (249,935 sq. mi.) landlocked country situated at the hub of South Asia and Central Asia. It has a population of approximately 28.6 million people (2016 ). To the south and east, Afghanistan shares a border with Pakistan; to the west, it shares a border with Iran, and its northern border touches the Central Asian countries of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan. In the far northeast, it shares a border with China.​

Afghanistan achieved independence and freed itself from British control over its foreign affairs in 1919, following the Third Anglo-Afghan War. The Treaty of Rawalpindi granted Afghanistan sovereignty, which was declared on August 19, 1919 by King Amanullah Khan.

Government

Afghanistan’s National Unity Government, elected in 2014, is led by President Ashraf Ghani.

Capital & Provinces

Capital is Kabul  and there are 34 Provinces.

Natural Resources

Afghanistan has an abundance of natural resources, among them: natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromate, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stones like emeralds, rubies, and lapis lazuli.

Ethnic Diversities

Afghanistan has been a land of diverse peoples for centuries. The country’s constitution officially recognises 14 ethnic groups: Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Baluch, Turkmen, Nuristani, Pamiri, Arab, Gujar, Brahui, Qizilbash, Aimaq, and Pashai. Pashto and Dari are Afghanistan’s official languages; Pashto and Dari are Afghanistan’s official languages. Afghanistan’s Constitution stipulates that all other languages are “official” in the areas in which they are spoken by a majority of the population.

Currency

The “Afghani” (AFN) is the national currency, More Information (www.dab.gov.af).

Country Telephone and Website Codes

Country code is +93 and website prefix is .AF. For registration and more information (www.nic.af).